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Five minutes is enough to do this exercise．
Each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in future．
More than one student has seen the film.
Many a ship has been damaged in the storm.
More members than one are against your plan.
数形式：glasses, clothes, trousers, shoes, compasses, chopsticks,
但如果主语用a kind of , a pair of , a series of等加名词构成时, 谓语动词一般用
单数形式。A pair of shoes was on the desk．并列主语如果指的是同一个人、同一事
物或同一概念时, 谓语动词用单数形式, 这时and后面的名词没有冠词。例如:
Truth and honesty is the best policy．
The girl’s teacher and friend is a young doctor．
To love and to be loved is the great happiness.
Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.
A knife and fork is on the table.
当主语后面跟有as well as, as much as , no less than, along with, with, like,
rather than, together with, but, except, besides, including, in addition to等
The teacher as well as the students was excited．
The room with its furniture was rented．
A (great) number of修饰可数复数名词, 谓语动词用复数; a great deal of,a large
amount of 修饰不可数名词, 其短语作主语时, 谓语动词用单数。
关系代词who, that, which等在定语从句中作主语时, 其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的
Those who want to go please sign your names here．
Some of the energy that is used by man comes from the sun．
1/2 one(a) half 1/4 one(a) quarter
Those three beautiful large square old brown wood table
某些以a-开首的形容词例如：afraid，alike，alone，asleep，awake, alive 等只能作
2)free 免费地 freely自由地,无拘束地
4)late 晚，迟 lately 近来
5)most 极,非常 mostly主要地
bad/ill,badly worse worst little less least
This room is less beautiful than that one．
even，a lot，a bit，a little，still，much，far, yet, by far等修饰：
He works even harder than before．
注意: by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时,一般放在比较级的后面,
He is taller by far than his brother.
He is by far the taller of the two brothers.
He is superior to Mr Wang in mathematics．
The book on the table is more interesting than that on the desk．
A box made of iron is stronger than one made of wood．
A is three (four,etc.) times the size (height, length, width,etc) of B.
The new building is four times the size (the height) of the old one.
A is three (four, etc.) times as big (high, long, wide, etc.) as B.
Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。
A is three (four,etc.) times bigger (higher, longer, wider) than B.
例如:Your school is three times bigger than ours.
表示两倍可以用 twice 或 double。
I’ve had so many falls that I’m black and blue all over.
Mr White got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and
They are such little children that the they cannot clean the house by
在very, pretty, not后用nearly, 不用almost。例如：
I’m not nearly ready.
在any, no, none, never前用almost, 不用nearly。例如：
I almost never see her.
句中一般用must, have to, ought to或should 代替。例如：
You needn’t come so early.
Need I finish the work today? －－Yes, you must.
注意：needn’t have done“表示本来不必做某事而实际上做了某事”。例如：
You needn’t have waited for me.
“should have done”表示应该做到而实际上没有做到。
You should have started earlier.
“ought to have done”表示过去应做某事而实际未做。
You ought to have helped him (but you didn’t)
表示感觉,愿望和状态的某些动词如have, be, hear, see, like等词一般不用进行时。
有些动词形式上是主动结构,但表示被动的意思。常见的有可和 well, easily 等副
The cloth washes well.这布很经洗。
The new product sells well.这新产品很畅销。
The pen writes well.这支笔很好写。
在动词 arrange,command, demand, desire,insist, order,propose, request,
require, suggest等后面的宾语从句中用“(should)＋ 动词原形”(虚拟语气)例如：
We suggested that we (should) have a meeting.
We insisted that they (should) go with us.
The doctor ordered that she (should) stay in bed for a few days.
He demanded that we (should) start right away.
We agreed to his suggestion that we(should) go to Beijing for sightseeing.
My idea is that we (should) do exercises first.
在feel, hear, notice, observe, see, watch, have, let, make等词后的补足语中,
I often hear him sing the song.
He is often heard to sing the song.
注意：不定式动词在介词but, except, besides后面时,如果这些介词之前有行为动
She could do nothing but cry.
What do you like to do besides swim?
I have no choice but to go.
He is looking for a room to live in.
There is nothing to worry about.
Please give me a knife to cut with.
There / It is no use/ good/ not any use/ good/ useless doing sth.
admit,appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like,
finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention,mind,miss,
practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest, can’t help, can’t stand等。
I tried not to go there.(我设法不去那里。)
I tried doing it again.(我试着又干了一次。)]
mean to do 有意... mean doing意味着...
I mean to come early today.(我打算今天早些来。)
Missing the train means waiting for another hour.
allow, advise, forbid, permit
We don’t allow smoking here. We don’t allow students to smoke.
The window needs(requires, wants)cleaning(to be cleaned).
在短语devote to, look forward to, pay attention to, stick to, be used
to, object to,thank you for, excuse me for 等后的动词也必须用动名词形式：
I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Badly polluted, the water cannot be drunk.(原因)
Being written in haste, the composition is full of mistakes.
Having been deserted by his guide, he couldn’t find his way through
Asked to stay, I couldn’t very well refuse.
这里 asked 可能意味着 having been asked, 也可能意味着when/since I was asked,
但用了 having been asked 就不会有歧义。
Covered with confusion, I left the room.我很窘地离开了房间。
United, we stand; divided, we fall. 团结则存，分裂则亡。
He used to live in London, use(d)n’t he /didn’t he?
There used to be a cinema here, use(d)n’t there /didn’t there?
Such things ought not to be allowed, ought they?
He ought to be punished, oughtn’t he?
但在正式文体中,用ought we not形式。例如:
We ought to go, ought we not?或We ought to go ,should we not?
You must be tired,aren’t you?
You must go home right now, needn’t you?
You mustn’t walk on grass, must you?
He must have met her yesterday, didn’t he?
You must have seen the film, haven’t you?
He is unfit for his office, isn’t he?
如果陈述部分包含有no, never, hardly, seldom, few, little,nowhere,
He is hardly 14 years old,is he?
Everyone knows his job, doesn’t he?
Everyone knows their job,don’t they?
No one was hurt,were they?
I’m late, aren’t I?
One can’t be too careful,can one(you)?
Have a cup of tea, will you?
Let’s go there,shall we? Let us go there,will you?
词主要有fact, news, promise, idea, truth等。连接词用that (不用which)及
连接副词how, when, where, why等。例如：
His delay is due to the fact that the car went wrong halfway.
The news that our team has won the match is true.
She asked the reason why there was a delay.
The question is whether the film is worth seeing.
The news whether our team has won the match is unknown.
Whether we shall attend the meeting hasn’t been decided yet.
It hasn’t been decided whether(if)we shall attend the meeting.
It all depends (on) whether they will support us.
He doesn’t know whether to stay or not.
E)后面紧接or not 时。
We didn’t know whether or not she was ready.
Whether you like it or not, you must do it well.
G)用if会引起歧义时。例如：Please let me know if you like it.
All that we have to do is to practise every day.
The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.
3)先行词被all,any,every, each, few,little,no,some, 等修饰。
I have read all the book (that) you gave me.
4)先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时。
He is the only person that I want to talk to.
They talked of things and persons that they remembered in
This is the house where he lived last year.
This is the house that (which) he visited last year.
had I entered the room when I heard a loud noise.
代词作主语时,主谓语序不变。Here it is. Here he comes.
South of the city lies a big steel factory.
From the valley came a frightening sound.
Present at the meeting were Professor White,Professor Smith
and many other guests.
Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the
Among the goods are Christmas trees, flowers, candles and toys.
He has been to Beijing. So have I.
Li Wei can’t answer the question. Neither can I.
用于省略if的虚拟条件状语从句。Had you reviewed your lessons,
you might have passed the examination.
Pretty as she is ,she is not clever.
Try as he would, he might fail again.
Child as he was, he had to make a living.
用于no sooner…than…,hardly…when和not until的句型中。
Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework.
用于never,hardly,seldom,scarcely, barely, little,often,at no
time,not only,not once等词开头的句子。
Never shall I do this again.
Little did he know who the woman was.
Only this afternoon did I finish the novel.
Only in this way can you master English.
Only when he told me did I realize what trouble he was in.
Only Wang Ling knows this.
用于某些表示祝愿的句子。May you succeed!祝你成功!
stomach－stomachs，a German－three Germans,
an American－two Americans，man cook - men cooks;
papers 报纸, 文件 manners礼貌 drinks饮料
in a word 简言之in other words 换句话说
have words with 与某人吵嘴
have a few words (a word) with sb.与某人说几句话
The crowd were running for their lives．
某些集体名词, 如people, police, cattle等, 只当复数看待,
谓语动词必须用复数。The police are searching for him.